North Africa Archive

On Friday, Nov. 13, 2015, a Kurdish fighter, known as a peshmerga, yawns as he stands guard on the frontline in Sinjar, Iraq. In the shadow of the buildup to the long-awaited Mosul offensive, Kurdish forces are seizing additional territory that they say will become part of their semiautonomous region. The moves are further straining relations between two groups ostensibly allied in the fight against the Islamic State group: Iraq’s Kurdish forces known as the peshmerga and the country’s powerful Shiite militias.(AP Photo/Bram Janssen, File)
37(4) Summer 2016, Africa, Americas, Features, Middle East, North Africa, North America, Politics, Security

The Changing Nature of War in the Middle East and North Africa

It is not easy to address war in the Middle East. There are, however, some clear trends. In the course of the last quarter...
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37(4) Summer 2016, Caribbean, Eastern Africa, Economics, Features, Human Rights, Middle East, North Africa, Politics, Security, West Africa

Moving Targets: The Evolution and Future of Smart Sanctions

The phrase “modern warfare” brings to mind high-tech weapons, pervasive surveillance, and murky borders — not necessarily economic policy. However, as the weapons, strategies,...
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37(2) Winter 2016, East Asia, Environment, Features, North Africa, Science & Technology

The Essential Element: How Phosphorus Scarcity Endangers the World

Phosphorus: a powdery maroon substance used in producing everything from baking powder to steels to fertilizer. Surprisingly, stocks of phosphorus are declining. The international...
Rich high fives female players
37(2) Winter 2016, Central Asia, East Asia, Features, Middle East, North Africa, North America, Politics, Security, South America

The Connectivity of Culture: Innovating in Cultural Diplomacy

Ask anyone to describe their first exposure to, or memory of, another country, and it is very unlikely that their answer will involve debating...
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36(4) Summer 2015, Current Feature, Education, Features, Middle East, North Africa, Politics, Security

Fighting Cultural Cleansing: Harnessing the Law to Preserve Cultural Heritage

Since the beginning of the conflicts in Iraq and Syria, in addition to the tragic loss of human life and the humanitarian crisis, cultural...
US and African troops participate in a ceremony for US Army Africa's exercises Natural Fire 10 in Uganda in 2009. One of the principal missions of US Army Africa is to promote security and stability in Africa. By United States Army, Public Domain, accessed via Wikimedia Commons.
36(3) Spring 2015, Africa, Central Africa, Current Feature, Eastern Africa, North Africa, North America, Perspectives, Politics, Security, Southern Africa, West Africa

Have US Priorities in Africa Changed: Do Security Concerns Trump Others?

At the end of the first ever US-Africa Leaders Summit on August 7, 2014, President Obama declared that it had been an “extraordinary event,” citing the accomplishments...
Libyans congregate in Martyrs' Square to celebrate the anniversary of the February 17th revolution. By Foreign and Commonwealth Office, image licensed under  the Open Government Licence v1.0.
36(2) Fall 2014/Winter 2015, Africa, Global Notebook, North Africa, Politics, Security

The Forgotten State: Rifts in Post-Revolutionary Libya

Last year, pieces in The New York Times, Washington Post, Harvard International Review, and other outlets marked the three-year anniversary of the Libyan revolution. Many...
General Egyptian General Abdel Fatah el-Sisi in a ceremony with US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel on April 24, 2013 in Cairo. Photo by Erin A. Kirk-Cuomo. CC BY-2.0, accessed via Wikimedia Commons.
36(2) Fall 2014/Winter 2015, Africa, Global Notebook, Middle East, North Africa, Politics

A New Role for Egypt: Sisi’s Government and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Over the past few years, Egypt has experienced dramatic shifts as the country has been rocked by multiple rebellions and transitions of power. Its violent upheavals have not only...
Polisario troops of the Sahrawi Republic which lays claim to territory in the Western Sahara. By Saharauiak, originally posted to Flickr as Soldadu saharauiak. CC BY-S.A. 2.0, accessed via Wikimedia Commons.
36(1) Summer 2014, Africa, Asia, Central Africa, Central Asia, East Asia, Global Notebook, North Africa, Pacific, Politics, Security

Lines in the Sand: The Problem of Unclear National Borders

It seems odd for revolutions to start over something as trivial as geography. However, when protests in Crimea began in February 2014, protesters argued...
Egyptians celebrate after the swearing-in ceremony of President elect Abdel Fattah al-Sissi in Tahrir square in Cairo, June 8, 2014. Sisi promised to rule in an inclusive manner after he was sworn in as president on Sunday in a ceremony with low-key attendance by Western allies concerned by a crackdown on dissent. REUTERS
35(4) Spring 2014, Africa, Economics, Middle East, North Africa, Politics, World in Review

The Nile Flows South: Egypt’s Uncertain Future

As US citizens celebrated their independence and self-rule on July 4, 2013, they opened their newspapers to find that Egyptians had surrendered theirs. The...