Review Essays Articles

In the western world Islamic conservatism and radicalization had not been on the public radar much until the 1990s and especially the 2000s when terrorist attacks increased and the United States waged two wars in the Middle East. Out of these experiences the West garnered a negative and cautious view of Islamic conservatism with the main fear being that it leads to terrorism. These fears painted the Islamic world in one color as if all Muslims shared the same views about everything from the west to democracy to human rights. If asked about the founding of the Muslim Brotherhood, many Americans would be shocked to learn that it was born in 1928, nearly a century ago. Since then the Brotherhood has been through difficult ordeals of suppression and times of success.

By Benjamin Legesse  |  November 12, 2013

In the context of panicky exaggeration put forth by politicians and journalists alike regarding the relationship of China and the US, too few voices offer calm, reasoned, and historically backed input into this issue. Proving his relevance and timely focus yet again, Patrick Mendis offers exactly that in his latest book Peaceful War. Yes, even in this field, Mendis achieves a creative blend of historical thought with modern conceptions of citizenry to illustrate—if it pans out—what could be one of the most effective, powerful, and instructive parallels of world history: the adoption of the American Dream by China. Mendis’ analysis is based on the core assumption that China’s rise parallels that of the US, but only enough for important divergences to be noted.

By Joshua Barthel  |  October 25, 2013

Critics and audiences agree: Ben Affleck has done it again. With its numerous award nominations and victories, including last night's Best Picture, Argo will surely join Gone Baby Gone and The Town as an Affleck-directed box-office success, and rightfully so. In Argo (based on Joshuah Bearman’s 2007 article in Wired, which itself is about the 1979 Iran Hostage Crisis), classic movie elements are strung together to weave a story that leaves the viewer hostage to the film’s suspense. 

By Ben Kassahun, Eric Guajardo, Joshua Barthel  |  February 25, 2013

Draw a circle, instructs Thant Myint-U in his recent book Where China Meets India, around Myanmar’s second largest city, Mandalay. Give it a radius of 700 miles, roughly the distance from Washington DC to Chicago. Within this circle lives ten percent of the world’s population, nearly all of it poor.

By John Corbett  |  July 8, 2012

The protests that erupted in Daraa in March 2011 catapulted the Syrian Arab Republic into the global spotlight, but the policies of the al-Assad regime have captured the world’s attention for decades. Both Bashar al-Assad and his father Hafez have autocratically presided over a state antagonistic toward its neighbors and at times brutally repressive of its citizens.

By John Corbett  |  July 7, 2012

Mark Osiel’s provocative new book, The End of Reciprocity: Terror, Torture and the Law of War, provides detailed discussions of a number of important moral and legal issues arising for the United States in its ongoing response to the threats posed by the Al Qaeda terrorist network. The specific focus is the US-deployed counter-terrorist methods of sustained detention, torture, and targeted killing of suspected terrorists. The author, Mark Osiel, displays a wide knowledge of relevant literature in a number of fields, including international law, philosophy, sociology and cultural studies.

By Seumas Miller  |  July 6, 2009

The euro turned ten on January 1, 2009, which called for a reflection on its first decade.

By Ophelia Eglene  |  March 21, 2009

Fifty years ago this October 24, Pakistan’s first Army Commander in Chief overthrew the prime minister, imposed martial law, and abrogated the constitution. That jarring rotation from civilian rule to martial law spawned five decades of overhauled constitutions, three protracted periods of martial law, and the overthrow of four civilian governments. In Crossed Swords: Pakistan, its Army, and the Wars Within, renowned Pakistan expert and former New York Times journalist Shuja Nawaz examines the tumultuous history of Pakistan’s overbearing army.

By Malou Innocent  |  December 19, 2008
Premium Content

One helpful way to consider serious ideas and proposals about reforming the global trade regime is to organize them into three clusters or sets of approaches—participation, leadership, and holistic change of paradigm. Dennis Patterson and Ari Afilalo, the authors of The New Global Trading Order, focus on the last of the three. The first cluster emphasizes ways to increase the transparency, public participation, and accountability of the WTO and associated national and international institutions.

By David Deese  |  September 28, 2008
Premium Content

The co-authors of Human Rights and Structural Adjustment, M. Rodwan Abouharb and David Cingranelli, present a simple and straightforward argument: the economic reform programs initiated by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund in the 1980s, which tended to be lumped together under the awkward phrase "structural adjustment," caused a progressive worsening of human rights conditions in the countries that undertook them. The longer a country was exposed to structural adjustment, the worse the country's human rights conditions became.

By Michael Lofchie  |  August 16, 2008