Irecently came across an article in The Sunday Independent directly querying whether 'the mild-manner Henry Okah', who resided in South Africa at the time of his arrest, was the 'warmonger Jomo Gbomo', the mouthpiece for Nigeria's Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND).

My interview with Gbomo as correspondent for Africa Report magazine coincidentally took place at around the same period that Okah was arrested in SA. The geographic location of Gbomo's IP address - the same email used to frequently correspond with myriad journalists from around the world, was Nigeria, not South Africa. While this does not clarify Okah's role, directly or indirectly, in the bombings claimed by MEND, if indeed, he did participate in any way or form, it should at least draw into question the notion of Gbomo as Okah. It may certainly be that Jomo is a persona, that one or a number of 'Jomos' step in, acting a substitutes for the primary voice or narrator, when and if the appointed person is inconvenienced. Yet the consistency of language - and Gbomo's distinct way of presenting himself, may go some way toward negating this assumption.

At this point, it is highly probable that South Africa's National Intelligence Agency amongst other units have already penetrated Okah's email, mobile and other accounts, drawing out crucial information. According to the article, 'prosecutor Shaun Abrahams hopes to link the two beyond a shadow of a doubt.' Contacting Jomo via email as a means of using Gmail's IP tracker to source his location, takes little time or effort. It may also certainly be that Okah submits messages to a contact in Nigeria as a means of thwarting the use of IP tracking technology cloaking his physical location. But it is far more likely that MEND's spokesperson is located on the ground and in close proximity to its selected battlefield and environment.

The bigger question looms against the backdrop of Nigeria's maldevelopment and its subsequent incorporation into the global economy: is MEND a 'just war' response to the gross corruption, pollution and exploitation that has characterised the Nigeria's rent-seeking state for over four decades? And as such, even if individual characters packaged as strategic architects are taken out of the equation, is MEND not a 'monster' or 'social justice movement' (depending on the eye of the beholder) of the system's own creation, a product of its living politics?

Nigeria's economy - structured as an export-oriented system is characterised by income inequality, poverty, ecological degradation, lack of basic services and human rights violation (extending to various levels or 'generations' such as civil and political rights as well as collective, economic, social and cultural rights) as well as the intentional political marginalisation of states and peoples interlocked with the systemic supply and demand-side corruption draining the country of several hundred billion dollars. The country's corporate-state faultlines, it is evident, are located neither in the person (or persona) of Gbomo, or even that of MEND.

It is instead, as Gbomo stated in the interview, a problem extending to the root - one that has yet to be properly interrogated given that states remain the primary creators, defenders and duty-holders as regards international law (whether positive or negative soft or hard laws), specific types of development as mobilising ideologies, and human rights implementation.

"It was Theodore Roosevelt who once remarked that "wars are of course as a rule to be avoided, but they are far better than certain kinds of peace", he said. "The peace in Nigeria is deception. Even Nelson Mandela realized that certain types of system requires some force. When you have been talking over an issue for 50 years without result, it is logical to change tactics and this is what we have done.

"The fish," he revealed, "gets rotten at the head."