Recent indicators give the American public reason to be optimistic about progress in the fight against AIDs. The last two years have been the first two-years of decline decline in AIDS deaths since the onslaught of the epidemic was observed in the early 1980s. Yet the optimistic numbers have prematurely led public health officials and the public to believe that the fight against AIDS, the deadliest sexually transmitted deisease in modern history, is coming to an end. In reality, the worst is yet to come. While the United States’ AIDS death count has fallen by nearly 50 percent, the world death count has increased by 50 percent; as the United States is winning its first battles in the nearly two decade long battle with AIDS, the rest of the world has steadily regressed in the struggle. With 30 million people infected, and 2.3 million dying annually, the continued threat of the disease’s spread in developing nations and its predicted explosion in modernizing nations demands that developed nations continue to fight to prevent its spread in less developed parts of the world.